A Mystrium camillae major worker (credit: Adrian Smith)

There is a new fastest animal on earth, and it's an Aussie

Embargoed until: Publicly released:

An Aussie ant has just set a new record for the fastest animal movement on earth with jaws that snap shut 5,000 times quicker than the blink of an eye. The ant, known as the Dracula ant, uses a snapping mechanism to quickly slide their mandibles across each other similar to a finger snap. Scientists used high speed video to record the jaws going from zero to around 320 km per hour in 0.000015 seconds, making it the fastest known animal movement.

Journal/conference: Royal Society Open Science

Organisation/s: National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, USA

Funder: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (DDIG DEB-1407279 to F.J.L., IOS-1755336 to A.V.S.), the Smithsonian Institution (Peter Buck Fellowship to F.J.L.), and the National Geographic Society (Explorer’s Grant 9481-14 to A.V.S.).

Media Release

From: The Royal Society

Snap-jaw morphology is specialized for high-speed power amplification in the Dracula ant, Mystrium camillae

More than natural history trivia, animal speed can determine whether they catch food or are eaten by a predator. The fastest animal movements incorporate latches and springs into their appendages to overcome limits of muscle power. We examined the speed and anatomy of the Dracula ant, Mystrium camillae, who use a snap-jaw mechanism to quickly slide their mandibles across each other similar to a finger snap. Using high-speed video, we found that mandible snaps occur in as little as 23 μsec and reach speeds of 90 m/s, making them the fastest known animal appendage. We also discovered that snap-jaw mandible shape is specialized for bending, consistent with their use as a flexible spring. These results extend our understanding of animal speed and demonstrate how small changes in shape can result in dramatic differences in performance.

Attachments:

  • The Royal Society
    Web page
    Please link to the article in online versions of your report (the URL will go live after the embargo ends).

News for:

Australia
International

Multimedia:

  • Video showing 3D surface models

    Video showing 3D surface models of snap-jaw ant and biting ant mandible, head, and muscle anatomy.

    File Size: 8.6 MB

    Attribution: Credit: Fred Larabee

    Permission Category: © - Only use with this story

    Last Modified: 12 Dec 2018 11:16am

    Note: High resolution video files are only available for download here by registered journalists who are logged in.

Show less
Show more

Media contact details for this story are only visible to registered journalists.