Poorer health and wellbeing for lesbian, gay and bisexual Aussies

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Gay, lesbian and bisexual Australians suffer from poorer health than straight Aussies, especially when it comes to emotional health and suffering physical violence, according to Australian research. The worse outcomes were in bisexual Australians who were at a disadvantage in all but two of the twenty health outcomes looked at and fared especially badly when it came to mental and emotional health. The researchers say that reducing the stigma associated with being lesbian, gay or bisexual could contribute to improving the health and wellbeing of these populations of Australians.

Journal/conference: ANZJPH

Organisation/s: The University of Queensland

Funder: This research was partially supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award for a project titled ‘Sexual Orientation and Life Chances in Contemporary Australia’ and the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course (project number CE140100027). The HILDA Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (Melbourne Institute).

Media Release

From: The University of Queensland

Bisexual women most vulnerable to poor health and wellbeing

Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians continue to experience significant disadvantage when it comes to health and wellbeing compared to their heterosexual peers, a University of Queensland study has found.

Dr Francisco Perales, of UQ’s Institute for Social Science Research, identified bisexual people as being at higher risk of poor outcomes compared to both heterosexual and gay/lesbian people.

“Disparities in health and wellbeing between gay/lesbian and heterosexual individuals were stable from 2012 to 2016,” Dr Perales said.

“In the same period, disparities between bisexual and heterosexual individuals widened for more than half of the indicators.”

The study also found that non-heterosexual women – particularly bisexual women – fared worse than non-heterosexual men.

“The combination of disadvantaged statuses could have a compounding effect on the health and wellbeing of this group,” Dr Perales said.

LGB disadvantage was more pronounced in domains such as mental health, emotional problems and social functioning, and less pronounced for physical functioning and substance abuse.

Dr Perales said the findings highlighted the importance of fully integrating sexual orientation in health policy and practice.

“They also underscore the need for further research that identifies the factors contributing to LGB disadvantage, including stigma and discrimination.”

The research was based on HILDA Survey data from 16,000 Australians.

It considered 20 different indicators of health and wellbeing, including physical and mental health, self-reported wellbeing and health behaviours.

Dr Perales is an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Early Career Researcher Award fellow, and a Senior Research Fellow at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course.

The study is published in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.

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  • Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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