Media ReleaseFrom: Medical Journal of Australia (MJA)
Baby Brain Exists, But More Research Needed
“Baby brain” — forgetfulness and other cognitive deficiencies during pregnancy — is a measurable and significant phenomenon that requires more research to determine its impact on the day-to-day lives of expectant mothers, the authors of a meta-analysis published in the Medical Journal of Australia have found.
PhD candidate Sasha Davies and colleagues at Deakin University undertook a meta-analysis of 20 studies that included a total of 709 pregnant and 521 non-pregnant women. They found that the evidence provided by these studies indicated that “overall cognitive functioning was poorer in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women”.
“General cognitive functioning, memory, and executive functioning were significantly reduced during the third trimester of pregnancy (compared with control women), but not during the first two trimesters,” the authors wrote.
“Longitudinal studies found declines between the first and second trimesters in general cognitive functioning and memory, but not between the second and third trimesters.
“The differences primarily develop during the first trimester, and are consistent with recent findings of long term reductions in brain grey matter volume during pregnancy. The impact of these effects on the quality of life and everyday functioning of pregnant women requires further investigation,” Hayden and her co-authors concluded.
Assoc. Prof Linda Byrne notes that “these findings need to be interpreted with caution, particularly as the declines were statistically significant, but performance remained within the normal ranges of general cognitive functioning and memory.
Dr. Melissa Hayden explains: “These small reductions in performance across their pregnancy will be noticeable to the pregnant women themselves and perhaps by those close to them, manifesting mainly as minor memory lapses (e.g., forgetting or failing to book medical appointments), but more significant consequences (e.g., reduced job performance or impaired ability to navigate complex tasks) are less likely.”
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