Eggs can be a source of Salmonella

1 in 4 Australian adults take a food safety risk eating raw eggs

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The Food Safety Information Council today released Omnipoll research that shows 1 in 4 Australian adults eat raw eggs and 12% eat them often. This number has doubled in the last 3 years. Raw and undercooked egg dishes can be a major risk of Salmonella poisoning and in May/June this year 235 people became unwell from a Salmonella Enteritidis outbreak linked to eggs. The Council is calling on retailers to make pasteurised eggs and egg products available for vulnerable groups and consumers who are looking for a safer product.

Organisation/s: Food Safety Information Council

Funder: This Omnipoll research was funded through a charitable donation from our member Australian Pasteurised Eggs, one of several pasteurised egg product producers.

Media Release

From: Food Safety Information Council

The Food Safety Information Council today released national Omnipoll research that shows one in four Australian adults are taking a food safety risk by eating raw or undercooked egg dishes especially as 12% of them eat them at least monthly.

Cathy Moir, Council Chair, said that eggs are a simple, delicious, cost effective and nutritious part of our diet but we need to be sure the eggs and egg dishes we eat are safe

‘Salmonella infection is a common type of food poisoning in Australia and eggs can be contaminated by Salmonella on the outside of the eggshell as they are laid or sometime later. In rare cases, Salmonella can enter eggs when they are being formed in the chicken. Cooking is an effective way to kill all types of Salmonella, however, lots of people like undercooked and raw eggs and egg dishes and this trend is increasing.

‘Eggs, whether boiled, poached, sunny-side-up or scrambled, should be cooked sufficiently to make them less risky. Examples of popular risky uncooked egg dishes include uncooked desserts like mousses and tiramisu; sauces and dressings such as hollandaise, fresh mayonnaise, and aioli; drinks containing raw egg such as egg nog, health shakes with added raw egg; and steak tartare.

‘Some people are more at risk from food poisoning than others. Dishes containing raw eggs as an ingredient, that aren’t going to be cooked before being eaten, should not be served to vulnerable people. These include babies, toddlers, and young children, pregnant women, the elderly and people with compromised immune systems. Be cautious when cooking for these vulnerable people. For example, cook a boiled, fried or poached egg until the yolk and white have started to become firm or, when making omelettes or scrambled eggs, until they have become set.

‘When you want to prepare egg dishes that aren’t fully cooked you can protect vulnerable people and other consumers using pasteurised eggs rather than raw eggs is an alternative.

‘The Food Safety Information Council is calling on retailers to make pasteurised shell eggs and egg pulp products more available to consumers. While these products are currently available for sale to food businesses, aged care and hospitals we would like to see them more accessible to consumers. Especially as our research shows a third of all Australian households have at least one vulnerable person at risk of severe illness if they get food poisoning, for example pregnant women, the elderly and people with reduced immunity.

‘Follow these 7 simple tips to minimise your risk of food poisoning from eating eggs:

  1. Do not buy cracked or dirty (e.g. visible hen poo, feathers) eggs. These are more likely to be contaminated with Salmonella. Bring the presence of any eggs like this to the attention of the seller as it against food safety legislation to sell cracked and dirty eggs. If eggs get a crack in them while you handle or transport them, it’s safest to discard them or cook them thoroughly as soon as possible, for example in a baked cake.
  2. Buy refrigerated eggs and store them in in your fridge away from ready to eat foods. They will keep better if you keep them in the cardboard box you purchased them in and you will be able to check the best before date and have access to the information you need in the rare case there is a food recall.
  3. Stop and think about how a hen lays an egg and where it comes from! It’s always important to follow good hygiene when handling eggs, even when they look clean, so as to not transfer ‘poo’ contamination from the egg shell surface to the egg contents and also to other foods you are handling at the time that are not going to be cooked.
  4. If you accidentally drop pieces of shell into your egg mixture while preparing food, it could contaminate the whole mixture and it will need thorough cooking. Remove the shell pieces with a clean spoon or fork.
  5. Wash your hands with soap and running water and dry thoroughly after handling eggs so you don’t contaminate other food.
  6. If you are not going to cook the eggs or the egg dish, don’t separate the yolk from the white using the shell as that could contaminate either part of the raw egg. To minimise the risk, invest in and use an egg separator.
  7. Prepare raw egg foods just before you are going to consume them and if you need to store the dish refrigerate it immediately at 5°C or below, so the food poisoning bacteria cannot grow.

‘There is a wide range of Australian Food Safety Week information on our website about how to handle eggs safely including videos, quizzes and posters,’ Ms Moir concluded.

The Food Safety Information Council would like to thank Australian Pasteurised Eggs our Gold sponsor for Australian Food Safety Week, as well as CSIRO, Food Standards Australia New Zealand and state and territory representatives and our members for providing the evidence base for this information.

For more information about Australian Food Safety Week see https://foodsafety.asn.au/australian-food-safety-week-2019/

The Food Safety Information Council is a health promotion charity and Australia’s leading disseminator of consumer-targeted food safety information.

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  • Excellent eggs - handle them safely

    Egg safety community service announcement

    File Size: 18.9 MB

    Attribution: Food Safety Information Council

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    Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 1:22am

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  • Excellent eggs - handle them safely image
    Excellent eggs - handle them safely image

    Excellent eggs - handle them safely general information poster

    File size: 3.2 MB

    Attribution: Food Safety Information Council

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    Last modified: 08 Nov 2019 12:07am

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  • Excellent eggs - handle them safely vulnerable people advice image
    Excellent eggs - handle them safely vulnerable people advice image

    Excellent eggs - handle them safely poster/infographic for pregnant women, elderly and immune compromised

    File size: 4.9 MB

    Attribution: Food Safety Information Council

    Permission category: Free to share or modify (must credit)

    Last modified: 08 Nov 2019 12:05am

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  • Pasteurised eggs image
    Pasteurised eggs image

    Pasteurised eggs in a carton

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    Last modified: 08 Nov 2019 12:07am

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